Filter Example

In most cases, tag is a simple and useful design to select message you want. For example:

DefaultMQPushConsumer consumer = new DefaultMQPushConsumer("CID_EXAMPLE");
consumer.subscribe("TOPIC", "TAGA || TAGB || TAGC");

The consumer will recieve messages that contains TAGA or TAGB or TAGC. But the limitation is that one message only can have one tag, and this may not work for sophisticated scenarios. In this case, you can use SQL expression to filter out messages.

Principle

SQL feature could do some calculation through the properties you put in when sending messages. Under the grammars defined by RocketMQ, you can implement some interesting logic. Here is an example:

------------
| message  |
|----------|  a > 5 AND b = 'abc'
| a = 10   |  --------------------> Gotten
| b = 'abc'|
| c = true |
------------
------------
| message  |
|----------|   a > 5 AND b = 'abc'
| a = 1    |  --------------------> Missed
| b = 'abc'|
| c = true |
------------

Grammars

RocketMQ only defines some basic grammars to support this feature. You could also extend it easily.

  1. Numeric comparison, like >, >=, <, <=, BETWEEN, =;
  2. Character comparison, like =, <>, IN;
  3. IS NULL or IS NOT NULL;
  4. Logical AND, OR, NOT;

Constant types are:

  1. Numeric, like 123, 3.1415;
  2. Character, like ‘abc’, must be made with single quotes;
  3. NULL, special constant;
  4. Boolean, TRUE or FALSE;

Usage constraints

Only push consumer could select messages by SQL92. The interface is:

public void subscribe(final String topic, final MessageSelector messageSelector)

Producer example

You can put properties in message through method putUserProperty when sending.

DefaultMQProducer producer = new DefaultMQProducer("please_rename_unique_group_name");
producer.start();

Message msg = new Message("TopicTest",
    tag,
    ("Hello RocketMQ " + i).getBytes(RemotingHelper.DEFAULT_CHARSET)
);
// Set some properties.
msg.putUserProperty("a", String.valueOf(i));

SendResult sendResult = producer.send(msg);
   
producer.shutdown();

Consumer example

Use MessageSelector.bySql to select messages through SQL92 when consuming.

DefaultMQPushConsumer consumer = new DefaultMQPushConsumer("please_rename_unique_group_name_4");

// only subsribe messages have property a, also a >=0 and a <= 3
consumer.subscribe("TopicTest", MessageSelector.bySql("a between 0 and 3");

consumer.registerMessageListener(new MessageListenerConcurrently() {
    @Override
    public ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus consumeMessage(List<MessageExt> msgs, ConsumeConcurrentlyContext context) {
        return ConsumeConcurrentlyStatus.CONSUME_SUCCESS;
    }
});
consumer.start();

Updated:

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