Order Message

RocketMQ provides ordered messages using FIFO order.

The following example demonstrates sending/recieving of globally and partitionally ordered message.

Send message sample code

public class OrderedProducer {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        //Instantiate with a producer group name.
        MQProducer producer = new DefaultMQProducer("example_group_name");
        //Launch the instance.
        producer.start();
        String[] tags = new String[] {"TagA", "TagB", "TagC", "TagD", "TagE"};
        for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
            int orderId = i % 10;
            //Create a message instance, specifying topic, tag and message body.
            Message msg = new Message("TopicTestjjj", tags[i % tags.length], "KEY" + i,
                    ("Hello RocketMQ " + i).getBytes(RemotingHelper.DEFAULT_CHARSET));
            SendResult sendResult = producer.send(msg, new MessageQueueSelector() {
            @Override
            public MessageQueue select(List<MessageQueue> mqs, Message msg, Object arg) {
                Integer id = (Integer) arg;
                int index = id % mqs.size();
                return mqs.get(index);
            }
            }, orderId);

            System.out.printf("%s%n", sendResult);
        }
        //server shutdown
        producer.shutdown();
    }
}

Subscription message sample code

public class OrderedConsumer {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        DefaultMQPushConsumer consumer = new DefaultMQPushConsumer("example_group_name");

        consumer.setConsumeFromWhere(ConsumeFromWhere.CONSUME_FROM_FIRST_OFFSET);

        consumer.subscribe("TopicTest", "TagA || TagC || TagD");

        consumer.registerMessageListener(new MessageListenerOrderly() {

            AtomicLong consumeTimes = new AtomicLong(0);
            @Override
            public ConsumeOrderlyStatus consumeMessage(List<MessageExt> msgs,
                                                       ConsumeOrderlyContext context) {
                context.setAutoCommit(false);
                System.out.printf(Thread.currentThread().getName() + " Receive New Messages: " + msgs + "%n");
                this.consumeTimes.incrementAndGet();
                if ((this.consumeTimes.get() % 2) == 0) {
                    return ConsumeOrderlyStatus.SUCCESS;
                } else if ((this.consumeTimes.get() % 3) == 0) {
                    return ConsumeOrderlyStatus.ROLLBACK;
                } else if ((this.consumeTimes.get() % 4) == 0) {
                    return ConsumeOrderlyStatus.COMMIT;
                } else if ((this.consumeTimes.get() % 5) == 0) {
                    context.setSuspendCurrentQueueTimeMillis(3000);
                    return ConsumeOrderlyStatus.SUSPEND_CURRENT_QUEUE_A_MOMENT;
                }
                return ConsumeOrderlyStatus.SUCCESS;

            }
        });

        consumer.start();

        System.out.printf("Consumer Started.%n");
    }
}

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