Simple Message Example

Use RocketMQ to send messages in three ways: reliable synchronous, reliable asynchronous, and one-way transmission.

This page exemplifies these three message-sending ways. Checkout the notes along with the example to figure out which way to use for your specific use case.

Reliable synchronous transmission

Application: Reliable synchronous transmission is used in extensive scenes, such as important notification messages, SMS notification, SMS marketing system, etc..

public class SyncProducer {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        //Instantiate with a producer group name.
        DefaultMQProducer producer = new
            DefaultMQProducer("please_rename_unique_group_name");
        //Launch the instance.
        producer.start();
        for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
            //Create a message instance, specifying topic, tag and message body.
            Message msg = new Message("TopicTest" /* Topic */,
                "TagA" /* Tag */,
                ("Hello RocketMQ " +
                    i).getBytes(RemotingHelper.DEFAULT_CHARSET) /* Message body */
            );
            //Call send message to deliver message to one of brokers.
            SendResult sendResult = producer.send(msg);
            System.out.printf("%s%n", sendResult);
        }
        //Shut down once the producer instance is not longer in use.
        producer.shutdown();
    }
}

Reliable asynchronous transmission

Application: asynchronous transmission is generally used in response time sensitive business scenarios.

public class AsyncProducer {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        //Instantiate with a producer group name.
        DefaultMQProducer producer = new DefaultMQProducer("ExampleProducerGroup");
        //Launch the instance.
        producer.start();
        producer.setRetryTimesWhenSendAsyncFailed(0);
        for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
                final int index = i;
                //Create a message instance, specifying topic, tag and message body.
                Message msg = new Message("TopicTest",
                    "TagA",
                    "OrderID188",
                    "Hello world".getBytes(RemotingHelper.DEFAULT_CHARSET));
                producer.send(msg, new SendCallback() {
                    @Override
                    public void onSuccess(SendResult sendResult) {
                        System.out.printf("%-10d OK %s %n", index,
                            sendResult.getMsgId());
                    }
                    @Override
                    public void onException(Throwable e) {
                        System.out.printf("%-10d Exception %s %n", index, e);
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                });
        }
        //Shut down once the producer instance is not longer in use.
        producer.shutdown();
    }
}

One-way transmission

Application: One-way transmission is used for cases requiring moderate reliability, such as log collection.

public class OnewayProducer {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception{
        //Instantiate with a producer group name.
        DefaultMQProducer producer = new DefaultMQProducer("ExampleProducerGroup");
        //Launch the instance.
        producer.start();
        for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
            //Create a message instance, specifying topic, tag and message body.
            Message msg = new Message("TopicTest" /* Topic */,
                "TagA" /* Tag */,
                ("Hello RocketMQ " +
                    i).getBytes(RemotingHelper.DEFAULT_CHARSET) /* Message body */
            );
            //Call send message to deliver message to one of brokers.
            producer.sendOneway(msg);

        }
        //Shut down once the producer instance is not longer in use.
        producer.shutdown();
    }
}

Updated:

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